Antonio Sebastián de Toledo

Viceroy of New Spain, 1664-73

José Mariano Salas

Antonio Sebastián Álvarez de Toledo Molina y Salazar, 2nd Marquis of Mancera, Grandee of Spain served as Viceroy from October 15, 1664 to December 8, 1673.

Antonio Sebastián de Toledo (c. 1608 – Madrid, 1715) was born in Spain and grew up in Peru where his father served as viceroy, from 1639 to 1648.[1] Before becoming viceroy to New Spain, he served in the colonial navy against Dutch pirates, was majordomo of the royal palace and ambassador to Venice and Germany.[2]

In October 1664, Antonio Sebastián de Toledo arrived in Mexico City to assume his duties as viceroy. In 1665, he reorganized the coast guard of New Spain and had fast, heavily armed ships built for the fleet to prevent piracy.[3] He also invited child prodigy, Juana Inés to the court to serve as maid of honor to the his wife, Doña Leonor Carreto.[4] Here Juana Inés entertained court guests with her memory and intellegence[5] while furthering her education. In 1667 the construction of the cathedral in Mexico City was finished and rededicated.[6] He sent an unsuccessful expedition to Baja California and 1670 Chichimecas invaded Durango, resulting in the governor of Durango to abandon the defense of Durango.[7]

In 1670, due to poor health, he resigned from viceroy but his resignation was not accepted by the Crown.[8] He left office in 1673. He died in 1715 at the age of 107 in Madrid.

Footnotes

  1. 1. Antonio Sebastián de Toledo, 2nd Marquis of Mancera. Wikipedia. Retrieved 6 February, 2015.
  2. 2. Ibid.
  3. 3. Ibid.
  4. 4. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651-1695). Banco de México. Retrieved 6 February, 2015.
  5. 5. Tuck, Jim (9 October 2008). The Remarkable Life of Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651–1695). Mexconnect.com. Retrieved 6 February, 2015.
  6. 6. Antonio Sebastián de Toledo, 2nd Marquis of Mancera. Wikipedia. Retrieved 6 February, 2015.
  7. 7. Ibid.
  8. 8. Ibid.